Collaborative Online International Learning: A Reflexive Thematic Analysis of Narratives from the Metaverse

  • Joshze Rica Esguerra University of the Philippines, Philippines
  • Roberto B. Figueroa Jr. University of the Philippines, Philippines
  • Fernando Rodriguez University of California Irvine, United States
  • Aya Fukuda Tokyo University of Foreign Studies, Japan
  • Yayoi Anzai ANZAI Global Communications, Inc., Japan


The metaverse is a digitally created virtual world that can be explored through extended reality, allowing individuals to engage with one another using avatars. As the metaverse becomes more widely used, it is becoming increasingly important to comprehend its impact on individuals and society. This paper presents a case where the metaverse was used to evaluate collaborative online international learning (COIL) activities while empowering participants by showcasing their creativity as contributors to the open educational resources collective through virtual exhibits. The exhibitors were participants in a COIL initiative involving online activities that aimed to facilitate cross-cultural exchanges and global learning among universities in three countries: the USA, Japan, and the Philippines. Data collected from 82 virtual exhibits in the metaverse were analyzed using reflexive thematic analysis, revealing benefits related to cultural exchange, personal growth, and positive learning experiences. Furthermore, reflections collected from the virtual exhibits were more profound and expressive than text-based platforms, suggesting that creative processes in visually stimulating environments like the metaverse could promote critical and out-of-the-box thinking among individuals.

Keywords: Metaverse, Collaborative Online International Learning, Reflections


Received Date: April 9, 2024
Revised Date: May 22, 2024
Accepted Date: June 5, 2024

How to Cite
Esguerra, J. R., Figueroa Jr., R., Rodriguez, F., Fukuda, A., & Anzai, Y. (2024). Collaborative Online International Learning: A Reflexive Thematic Analysis of Narratives from the Metaverse. International Journal in Information Technology in Governance, Education and Business, 6(1), 100-108.